According to an article in today’s El Diario/La Prensa, everyday an average of 58 Mexican minors are “voluntarily repatriated” , that is deported to Mexico. Of those 58, around 70 percent of them are unaccompanied. Doing that math, that means that around 40 children are sent back to Mexico without adults on a daily basis. And these are incomplete numbers, meaning they do not include children who were deported outside of an agreement signed between Mexico and U.S. Homeland Security in 2004.
These numbers, which came from the Mexican agency, Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM), further state that in between January and November of 2010, there were 439,898 deportation cases of which 19,296 were children, and out of the children, 3,653 were identified as female.
This has huge implications in terms of protecting Mexican minors, across genders, from human trafficking, abuse, and sexual assault. How many of these unaccompanied children are the victim of violence, at the hands of the either state entity, Mexico and/or the United States? The article of course refers to the possibility of abuse at the hands of the narcos, but there is often crossover regarding who works in an “official state” capacity and who works in the extra legal drug industry.
What many of the immigrant advocates (and antis) will look at, is the difference between the 2010 numbers and the 2009 numbers. According to El Diario, the 2010 stats show a decline in the number deported to Mexico overall and the number of minors.
Within Mexico, INM reports that between January and November of 2010, 4517 mostly Central American minors were deported to their home countries. 74 percent of these children were unaccompanied. That is about 3,340. 82 percent of the minors were under the age of 11. That’s about 3,700 children. Given the horrific massacre of Central and South American migrants in Tamaulipas last year, again I ask what/where are the stats of abuse and violence directed against minor immigrants across the Americas. Likely they are not numbers anyone is going to want to see, but of we are really serious about looking at immigration through a human rights lens, they are numbers we NEED to know.